Canadian Baby Passport Photo

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Canadian Baby Passport Photo
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Body-camera distance

The distance between the face and the camera should be about 40 cm. Ideally the photo should be taken by the other person.


Posture: Straight ahead

Place your face in front of the lens. Hold the camera at eye level and keep neutral face expression.



Stand facing the light source, for example an exposed window. The background will be cut out, don't worry about it.

Baby Passport Photo Size & Requirements

Baby Passport Photo Requirements for Canadian Passport
Width: 50 mm
Height: 70 mm
600 dpi
Is it suitable for online submission?
Image definition parameters
Head height: 35 mm
Bottom of the Photo to the Eye Line: 39 mm
Is it printable?
Background Color
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More about Canadian Baby Passport Photo - Requirements

Infant & Baby Passport Photo

If you are planning to apply for a Canadian passport for your baby, you must know that there are some differences required by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Make sure you are familiar with all the guidelines before taking a picture of a small baby or a newborn. Here you can find tips and requirements for a baby passport photo.

Baby Passport Photo Requirements

When applying for Canadian passport, you need to attach 2 color and printed photographs. They have to be taken no earlier than 6 months before the day you submit your baby’s application. It’s very important that the image reflects the most recent look of your child. For this reason, the IRCC requires both photos to be signed on the back with the date the photo was taken. Also, you need to write there a statement “I certify this to be a true likeness of (child’s name)” and leave your signature in the back.

The proper size of baby passport photo is 50 mm wide x 70 mm long (2 × 2 3/4 inches). Please note that this is an unusual size of a passport picture, so you cannot use an image taken for other travel documents, especially foreign documents (e.g. a photo for a U.S. passport). The face must be at height between 31 and 30 mm of the frame measured from the tip of the hair to the chin (which is between 1 ¼ and 1 7/16 inches). Correct frame covers the entire head, neck and part of the shoulders.

You should print the infant passport photo on plain, high-quality photo paper. The IRCC warns that printing a baby passport photo on heavy or unprofessional paper will result in the document application being rejected.


The background for the passport child photo must have a clear and uniform background. If you are unsure of the background type, it's best to take a picture against a white and clear background. There must be no shadows on the ears, shoulders or in the background. If it is a newborn passport photo, there must be no fragments of the parent's arms in the back. If you want to photograph your child sitting on a baby chair, spread a white sheet over it.


It can be a challenge for a child, especially a small one, to get the correct position. That’s why it’s worth using a few tips on how to position your child appropriately for the image. In the case of a baby passport photo, IRCC requires a frontal position towards the camera (as from adults). 

The child's face and shoulders must point directly towards the lens. While a few-year-olds will easily position themselves in the picture, there may be problems with babies and newborns. In such a situation, it is recommended to sit the child on a feeding chair. For a newborn passport photo you can place a clean white sheet on the floor, lay down your baby and take a picture from the top. If your baby can already sit up alone, you can slide your hand behind the back of your baby's clothing and keep the head straight at the height of the neck. You just need to make sure that there are no fingers in the frame.


The entire face must be visible so that it reflects the biometric features of the baby. The child should have a natural facial expression in the picture, without smiles or grimaces. The eyes and mouth should be closed, but in the case of newborns, an open mouth is allowed. The face should be centered on the camera axis. The face cannot be tilted to either side, and half-profile photos are not accepted.


Baby passport photo rules requires the baby’s eyes to be entirely opened. Only newborn children are sometimes allowed to have eyes partially narrowed. Note that the horizontal line of the eyes must run parallel to the horizontal edges of the frame.

Accessories, headwear and glasses

All hair accessories and headgear must be removed for the image. The child may wear medical glasses, but the lenses must not contain any visible reflexes. Sunglasses and tinted glasses are not accepted. Also toys, pacifiers, bottles or blankets cannot be visible in the picture.


For Baby passport photo it is best to dress the child in colorful everyday clothes, but white and black should be avoided. These colors disturb the contrast between the face and background of the photo, so the photo may get rejected.

Baby Passport Photo Guidelines

Here is a list of useful tips to help you increase your chances of getting the correct photo for your child for a Canada Passport:

  • Baby passport photo size: 50 × 70 mm width x height (2 × 2 3/4 inches).
  • The face is between 31 and 30 mm of the frame (1 ¼ and 1 7/16 inches).
  • Face and body facing the camera.
  • The face is fully visible — a biometric photo of the child.
  • Make sure the head is centered in the frame area.
  • The frame covers the entire head, neck and part of the shoulders.
  • Eyes are open and mouth is closed.
  • Newborn passport photo — slightly open mouth and slightly closed eyes allowed.
  • Image on a white and clean background.
  • No shadows on the background, on the face and on the shoulders.
  • You can put a small child on a child's chair and spread a white sheet on it.
  • You can put the newborn on a cloth on the floor, which will create a white background for the photo.
  • Attach 2 printed color photos to the application.
  • Pictures printed on photo paper.
  • Photos signed under the title: date of taking, declaration, parent's signature.

Last update: 2023-06-07

About the document

Canada Baby Passport

Canada baby passport is a travel document that allows moving between countries, as well as entering the territory of Canada as a citizen. It confirms both the child's citizenship and identity and has been an electronic passport for some time (e-passport). It looks like a regular passport book, but inside it has an electronic chip on which key information about the passport holder is stored and sealed. Unlike adults, you cannot renew a child's passport. You have to prepare all documents and apply for a completely new document.

All Canadian children under the age of 16 need their own passport for travel. The child's passport is valid for a maximum of 5 years. It is valid until the expiry date, even after the child turns 16.

How to apply?

Persons eligible for a child's passport are:

  • one of the parents or,
  • the parent with legal custody of the minor (in the case of separation or divorce),
  • legal guardian of the child with appropriate documentation.

In the case of divorce or separation the application must be provided with all documents, including any divorce decree, that relate to child custody, mobility or access. Child’s legal guardian must provide all legal documents proving the applicant’s legal guardianship of the child. Moreover, each parent or legal guardian should sign the application form.

You will also need other documents. For example expired passport must be submitted with the application so that the officials can cancel it. You also need to include:

  • Proof of your child’s Canadian citizenship (long-form birth certificate or citizenship certificate) as original document (not copy).
  • Baby passport photo in two copies, signed in the back according to requirements.
  • Proof of parentage or proof of legal guardianship (if applicable).
  • All documents that refer to the custody of, mobility of, or access to the child.
  • Any valid Canadian passport or travel document issued in the child’s name.
  • If you update the gender identifier, you need to provide supporting documentation.

Where to apply?

The place of application depends on several factors. If you’re not in a hurry and you know that your child isn’t going on a trip next month — send your application by mail or visit one of the Passport offices or Service Canada receiving agent locations.

However, if you need your child's passport within the next 20 days, you must apply in person at one of the passport office locations. In many offices you can additionally pay for the fast or express passport pick-up service.

Frequently Asked Questions FAQ

Can I make an infant passport photo with my phone?

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Yes, for this you will use our program, with the help of which you can make a baby passport photo online with your phone.

How to make a baby passport photo with your phone?

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Prepare the background as indicated in the directions. You can use a high chair for feeding. Prepare lighting that fully illuminates the baby's face. Make sure your child has a neutral expression, take a picture and upload it using our Baby Passport Photo Online Tool. The program will check if the photo meets the IRCC requirements and then start the background remover. You will receive a prepared photo by email - it will be ready to be printed and attached to the passport application.

Does the child need an individual passport photo?

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Yes. All people wishing to travel between countries must have individual passports, even newborns. Therefore, it is imperative to have a separate image of the child for the passport. Group photos are not accepted and will automatically decline your passport application. The photo of a child for a Canadian passport requires meeting all requirements published on the IRCC website.

By providing a backup photo, you can speed up the process of obtaining a duplicate in case someone steals the child's passport or the document is damaged or lost.

Generally, infant passport photo has the same requirements as adults, but for newborn babies, the IRCC is more flexible. The newborn passport photo may depict a baby with a slightly open mouth or slightly narrowed eyes.

No. No baby blankets, toys, pacifiers, bottles and cuddly toys can be in the photo. Such photos are rejected.

Yes, because the general rules for taking passport pictures for children are the same as for adult photos. This means that they show biometric, i.e. unique features of the face, such as the oval of the face, the shape of the nose, mouth, eyes, eye color, etc.