Turkmenistan is one of the most interesting countries in Central Asia. It has a mix of Turkic and Soviet culture combined, ready to be experienced by you! We are sure that you are going to have a wonderful time in Turkmenistan, but are you sure that you can travel to Turkmenistan without a visa? To prevent any misunderstandings and assure you of getting a Turkmenistan visa, we have made a comprehensive guideline for Turkmenistan visa application. After reading our guidelines you will learn how to get a Turkmenistan visa.
The Turkmenistan visa policy is quite different compared to other countries in Central Asia. The Turkmenistan visa requirements can be quite challenging. However, this should not scare you. A Turkmenistan visa is easy to get when you follow the requirements. As there are many types of Turkmenistan visas such as Turkmenistan visa on arrival and Turkmenistan transit visa, it is helpful to learn all kinds of Turkmenistan visa requirements. As you continue reading, we will be answering all your questions regarding the Turkmenistan visa.
As Turkmenistan does not accept tourists without getting a visa, you are most likely to be obliged to get a Turkmenistan visa. Nevertheless, this does not mean that everyone needs to get a Turkmenistan visa. According to the Turkmenistan visa policy stated by the Ministry of Foreign affairs, if you withhold a diplomatic passport issued by the following countries, you are not obliged to get a Turkmenistan visa: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Georgia, Hungary, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Mongolia, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, South Korea, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Estonia, India, Pakistan, and Uzbekistan.
There are a number of Turkmenistan visa types that you can apply for. We advise you to apply for the one that fits your needs the most. Turkmenistan has formed a specific visa type for the purpose and the duration of your visits. Here’s a list of Turkmenistan visa types:
A Turkmenistan Tourist Visa allows you to travel to Turkmenistan. However, you should remember that Turkmenistan Tourist Visa is not like other countries’ tourist visas. You must book a tour with a travel agency and apply for a Turkmenistan visa with the guidance of that travel agency. Unfortunately, individual visits are still not accepted by the Turkmen government.
If your last destination is not Turkmenistan but you have booked or will book a flight that transfers through the Turkmen territory, Turkmenistan Transit Visa is for you! Applying for a Turkmenistan transit visa is easy and it is the only Turkmenistan visa type that you do not need to apply with a sponsor! Just like the tourist visa, a company or an organization must be your sponsor when traveling to Turkmenistan with a business visa. While a Turkmenistan business visa is given for a short period of time, a Turkmenistan work visa is given when you are employed by a Turkmen company. In both cases, a Turkmen company must be sponsoring you. If you have a family member residing in Turkmenistan, then you can apply for a Turkmenistan family visa. Lastly, if you are studying in a higher education institution, you can always apply for a Turkmenistan student visa.
If you wish to apply for Turkmenistan visa that allows you to transit through the Turkmen territory, you must meet the following conditions:
If you are not planning to leave the airport when transferring through Uzbekistan, you are not required to validate your address with a visa. However, if you are planning to leave the airport and spend some time in Turkmenistan, you are expected to show the following documents:
There is also a Turkmenistan visa on arrival option available for you. With this visa type, you can get your visa when you arrive in Turkmenistan. However, there are some things you have to be very careful about when applying for a Turkmenistan visa on arrival. You should know that this visa type is only valid for up to 10 days. You are required to have a letter of invitation and your passport with you when you are applying for it. Also, bear in mind that a Turkmenistan visa on arrival costs $50 more than a regular Turkmenistan tourist visa. If you are traveling on a budget, we highly recommend you to apply for a regular Turkmenistan visa not the visa on arrival. You are also going to take your chances of being refused when getting on board your flight or even worse facing a visa refusal at the Turkmenistan border. If all these steps are being followed by your sponsor/travel agency, then you can go with the Turkmenistan visa on arrival.
It is always useful to know the requirements of the type of visa you are applying for. So, we have listed the Turkmenistan visa requirements for you below:
Apart from these, there are some specific Turkmenistan visa requirements tailored to your visa type. For instance, if you are applying for a Turkmenistan business visa, you are required to submit a letter of request from the inviting company or government agency/ministry, and also some documents proving the inviting company’s main operation. Also, for the Turkmenistan work visa, you need to submit a letter of request from the sponsoring company or government agency/ministry, some documents proving the inviting company’s main operation, other documents proving the company’s ability to sponsor you, a copy of your work contract, a health certificate, list of names of all employees in the company, proof of your qualifications that are translated to the Turkmen language. As a student, the requirements are easier. Apart from the general requirements stated above, you are also required to submit a letter of request by the Educational offices of Turkmenistan. Personal/Private visas may sound confusing but yet they are not so complex to get. For a personal Turkmenistan visa, you are required to submit a copy of your sponsor’s passport, a copy of a document proving your relationship, and proof that your sponsor has the right of residence in Turkmenistan. Conformably a Family visa for Turkmenistan requires you to submit documents like a copy of your sponsor’s passport, a copy of your sponsor’s visa, and some documents proving your family relationship. Bear in mind that additional paperwork may be asked. In that case, we strongly recommend you to be ready to submit more documents that are asked from you.
Although some offices may allow you to apply for a Turkmenistan visa online, in most cases, you will be visiting the Turkmenistan embassy/consulate to get your Turkmenistan visa. The most important thing after a carefully filled Turkmenistan visa form is the Letter of Invitation (LOI) for the Turkmenistan visa. You may be asking yourself what is an LOI and how to get one? Letter of invitation shows the sponsor inviting you to the Turkmenistan territory. Only a sponsor can get the LOI for you. This sponsor can be one of these below:
As your sponsor will be dealing with most of the paperwork, you should not be worrying a lot about how to apply for a Turkmenistan visa. Even so, you should always keep in mind that Turkmenistan visa applications can take up to 20 days. For this reason, we highly recommend you to apply for your Turkmenistan visa as soon as possible. The hardest part is going to be getting the LOI. After getting your letter of invitation, the rest is easy! You can take your LOI and Turkmenistan visa application form along with the other required documents to the Turkmen embassy/consulate. Last but not the least, do not forget to pay the Turkmenistan visa fee when submitting your application.
Turkmenistan visa fees depend on your visa and entry type, and also the duration of your visit. In addition to that, you can be charged an extra processing fee based on the country you are a citizen of. In general, the following list is applicable for the Turkmenistan visa fees:
When you know for sure that you have submitted all the required documents in the correct way, you should not be worried about getting your Turkmenistan visa at all! That being said, shady documents may lead to a long visa processing time or even worse, a visa refusal! If you are sure about the transparency of your Turkmenistan visa application, you should expect 10 days of visa processing time. Even so, this period of time depends on various factors such as the number of applications during that time and your nationality along with the type of visa you are applying for.
Although it is not so common, extending your Turkmenistan visa is possible. To extend your stay in Turkmenistan, you must let the authorities know first. Then, you will be expected to reason your visa extension and after proving why it is necessary for you to extend your visa, you can get your Turkmen visa extension approved. Your visa extension can be issued for a couple of days more as the Turkmen State Migration Services decides so. However, keep in mind that you are going to be asked to prove the reason for your extension with a letter given by your sponsor, and also you have to pay the visa extension fee.
A Turkmenistan visa for US citizens has the same process as for anyone else. As an American, you are required to apply for a Turkmenistan visa with a sponsor. You can apply for a Turkmenistan visa on arrival but we highly recommend you to travel to Turkmenistan with a given Turkmenistan visa before your trip. You can apply for your Turkmenistan visa in Washington, D.C, at the Turkmenistan consulate. The best thing to do is to find a good sponsor who would take care of the paperwork for you! Once you get the visa sticker on your passport, you are safe to travel to Turkmenistan!